A fixed-dose lisinopril and amlodipine combination in conjunction with rosuvastatin in patients with hypertensive disease and coronary heart disease

Abstract


AIM. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril 10 mg and the calcium antagonist amlodipine 5 mg (ekvator) in conjunction with rosuvastatin (mertenil). MATERIALS AND METHODS. The investigation enrolled 50 patients (mean age 57.9 years) with essential hypertension. All the patients received the fixed-dose antihypertensive combination. Stable Functional Class I or II exertional angina was in 46% of the patients. The remaining 54% were found to have brachiocephalic atherosclerosis. All the patients had dyslipidemia and were given rosuvastatin. RESULTS. The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) initially reached 164.26 mm Hg. During the whole follow-up, the reduction in mean SBP generally accounted for 22.6% (p=0.000). At the study inclusion, the mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reached 99.38 mm Hg. The total decline in mean DBP was 19.3% (p=0.000). The mean level of total cholesterol (TC) decreased significantly by 32.1% (p=0.000); that of triglycerides (TG) also fell significantly by 31.8% (p=0.04); that of high-density lipoproteins increased insignificantly by 11.1% (p=0.599); that of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) dropped significantly by 47.5% (p=0.000). CONCLUSION. Being safe, the fixed-dose lisinopril and amlodipine combination is effective in lowering blood pressure in patients with hypertensive disease (HD) concurrent with coronary heart disease (CHD) or atherosclerotic changes in the carotid artery. The use of rosuvastatin in patients with HD concurrent with CHD during 2 months causes positive changes in the blood lipid composition as a significant reduction in the levels of (TC), LDL, and TG.

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Z M Galeeva

A S Galiavich

Email: agalyavich@mail.ru

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