Tracheal diverticula

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Tracheal diverticula (TD) are a rare congenital or acquired condition. The diagnosis of TD is based on the data of multislice spiral computed tomography and fibrotracheal bronchoscopy. DTs are most frequently located in the right, may be solitary or multiple, uni- or multilocular. Uncomplicated DTs generally have no characteristic clinical features. Their symptoms can arise from the compression of adjacent organs or the addition of secondary bacterial infection and most commonly appear as cough. Differential diagnosis is mainly made with pharyngeal and laryngeal cysts and pharyngoesophageal diverticula. Asymptomatic TDs usually require no treatment. Surgical TD excision is possible in case of compression of adjacent organs and infection.

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Дивертикулы трахеи. - Аннотация. Дивертикулы трахеи (ДТ) - редкая патология, врожденного или приобретенного генеза. Диагностика ДТ основывается на данных многослойной (мультиспиральной) компьютерной томографии и фибротрахеобронхоскопии. ДТ наиболее часто расположены справа, могут быть одиночными или множественными, одно- или многокамерными. Характерной клинической картины неосложненные ДТ обычно не имеют. Симптоматика появляется при сдавлении соседних органов или присоединении вторичной бактериальной инфекции и наиболее часто проявляется кашлем. Дифференциальная диагностика проводится в основном с кистами глотки и гортани, а также с глоточно-пищеводными дивертикулами. Бессимптомные ДТ обычно не требуют лечения. При сдавлении соседних органов, а также при инфицировании возможно хирургическое иссечение ДТ.

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Ia V Marchenkov



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