Chronic cardiac failure in the XXI century


Wide clinical application of modern prophylactic, diagnostic and therapeutic methods has significantly improved clinical outcomes of cardiovascular disorders. However, much progress is not seen in survival of patients with chronic cardiac failure (CCF). Three possible causes of this situation are analysed: absence of evidence base in the treatment of CCF patients free of systolic dysfunction, difficulties in management of patients with end-stage CCF, need in new markers of CCF. Approaches to solution of these problems and CCF treatment optimization in general are discussed.

About the authors

Sergey Nikolaevich Tereshchenko

Igor' Vital'evich Zhirov

S N Tereschenko

Russian Cardiological Research Center, Moscow

Russian Cardiological Research Center, Moscow

I V Zhirov

Russian Cardiological Research Center, Moscow

Russian Cardiological Research Center, Moscow


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