Electrostimulation of the skeletal muscles in rehabilitation of patients with chronic cor pulmonale: effects on arrhythmogenesis and vegetative status

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Abstract

Aim. To investigate effects of electrostimulation of the skeletal muscles (EMS) on vegetative status and arrhythmogenesis in patients with chronic cor pulmonale (CCP).
Material and methods. 101 CCP patients (age 59 ± 1.2 years) were examined with loading tests, 24-h ECG and blood pressure monitoring to assess disturbances and variability of cardiac rhythm, blood pressure. The study group patients (n = 54) have undergone EMS of large skeletal muscles in addition to standard rehabilitation. The control group (n = 47) received standard treatment.
Results. A course of EMS raised strength of the muscles of the upper and lower limbs and exercise tolerance of the lower limb muscles in the study group, bicycle exercise and 6-min walk tolerance, reduced the number of atrial and ventricular extrasystoles. The test group lowered the low-frequency component at night (p = 0.021) and in maximal spectrum power reflecting enhancement of parasympathetic activity in this time.
Conclusion. EMS had no arrhythmogenic action, but had a positive effect on vegetative status of CCP patients.

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