Invasive streptococcal (group A) infection : outlook on the problem (review)

Full Text


  1. Woodruff J. F. Viral myocarbitis-a review. Am. J. Pathol. 1980; 101; 425-466.
  2. Davies H. D., McGeer A., Schwartz B. et al. Invasive group A streptococcal infections in Ontario, Canada. N. Engl. J. Med. 1996; 335: 547-554.
  3. Stevens D. L. Invasive group A strptococcus infection. Clm. Infect. Dis. 1992; 14: 2-13.
  4. Leitch H. A., Palepu A., Fernandes С. М. Necrotizing fasciitis secondary to group A streptococcus. Morbidity and mortality still high. Can. Fam. Physician 2000; 46: 1460-1466.
  5. Gates R. L., Cocke XV. M., Rushton Т. С. Invasive streptococcal infection of periorbita and forehead. Ann. Plast. Surg. 2001; 47 (5): 565-567.
  6. Billiemaz K. et al. Varicella complicated with necrotizing fasciitis caused by group A hemolytic Streptococcus. Arch. Pediatr. 2002; 9 (3): 262-265.
  7. Corredoira J. С. et al. Fulminant streptococcus infection of soft tissue. Enferm. Infecc. Microbiol. Clin. 2000; 18 (1): 16- 18.
  8. Baxter F., McChesney J. Severe group A streptococcal infection and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Can J. Anaesth. 2000; 47 (11): 1129-1140.
  9. Beeson W. H. et al. Group A streptococcal fasciitis after submental tumescent liposuction. Arch. Facial. Plast. Surg. 2001; 3: 277-279.
  10. Heitmann C., Czermak C., Germann G. Rapidly fatal necrotizing fasciitis after aesthetic liposuction. Aesthet. Plast. Surg. 2000; 24 (5): 344-347.
  11. Jackson M. A., Colombo J., Boldrey A. Streptococcal fasciitis with toxic shock syndrome in the pediatric patient. Orthop. Nurs. 2003; 22 (1): 4-8.
  12. Dahl P. R. et al. Fulminant group A streptococcal necrotizing fasciitis: clinical and pathologic findings in 7 patients. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 2002; 47 (4): 489-492.
  13. Kaul R., McGeer A., Low D. E. et al. Population-based surveillance for group A streptococcal necrotizing fasciitis: clinical features, prognostic indicators, and microbiologic analysis of seventy-seven cases. Am. J. Med. 1997; 103: 18-24.
  14. Hasbun S., Arias В., Tapia R. Tissue infection caused by group A beta hemolytic streptococcus in regional hospital of Talca, Chile. Rev. Med. Chil. 2000; 128 (11): 1215-1219.
  15. Cone L., Woodard D. R., Schlievert P. M., Tomory G. S. Clinical and bacteriologic observations of a toxic-shock like syndrome due to Streptococcus pyogenes. N. Engl. J. Med. 1987; 317: 146-149.
  16. Stevens D. L. Streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome: Spectrum of disease, pathogenesis, and new concepts in treatment. EID 1995; 1 (3): 1-20.
  17. Nields H., Kessler S. С., Boisot S., Evans R. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting as suspected child abuse. Am. J. Forens. Med. Pathol. 1998; 19 (1): 93-97.
  18. Broil R. et al. Streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome. Chirurg 1998; 69(8): 806-812.
  19. Wedler V. et al. Necrotising fasciitis caused by streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Handchir. Microchir. Plast. Chir. 2002; 34 (2): 108-114.
  20. Yu С. E., Ferretti J. J. Frequency of the erythrogenic toxin В and С genes (spe В and spe C) among clinical isolated of group A streptococci. Infect, and Immun. 1991; 59: 211-215.
  21. Moses A. E., Wessels M. R., Zalcman K. et al. Relative contributions of hyaluronic acid capsule and M protein to virulence in a mucoid strain of the group A streptococcus. Infect, and Immun. 1997; 65: 64-71.
  22. Kline J. В., Collins С. М. Analysis of the superantigenic activity of mutant and alletic forms of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A. Infect, and Immun. 1996; 64: 861-869.
  23. Cavaillon J. M., Muller-Alouf H., AloufJ. E. et al. Cytokines in streptococcal infections. In: Streptococci and the host: Proceedings XIII Lancefield Symposium on Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases Plenum Press; 1997. 869-879.
  24. Marrack P., Kapler J. The staphylococcal enterotoxins and their relatives. Science 1990; 248: 705-711.
  25. Darenberg J. et al. Intravenous immunoglobulin G therapy in streptococcal toxic shock syndrome: a European randomized, double-blind, placedo-controlled trial. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2003; 37 (3): 333-340.
  26. Norrby-Teglund A., Ibendyane N., Kansal R. et al. Relative neutralizing activity in polyspecific lgM, IgA and lgG preparations against group A streptococcal superantigens. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2000; 31: 1175-1182.
  27. Visvanathan K., Charles A., Bannan J. et al. Inhibition of bacterial superantigens by peptides and antibodies. Infect, and Immun. 2001; 69: 875-884



Abstract: 95

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2004 Briko N.I., Malyshev N.A., Pokrovsky V.I.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Address of the Editorial Office:

  • Novij Zykovskij proezd, 3, 40, Moscow, 125167

Correspondence address:

  • Novoslobodskaya str 31c4., Moscow, 127005, Russian Federation

Managing Editor:


© 2018-2021 "Consilium Medicum" Publishing house

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies