Pilot experience with clopidogrel in the treatment of an .ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction

Abstract


Aim. To examine efficacy of clopidogrel before thrombolytic therapy (TLT) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Material and methods. A total of 72 patients (48 males and 24 females) admitted to hospital within 6 hours since the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were divided into three groups. Group 1 and 2 patients (n = 38 and 20, respectively) were given a prehospital stress dose of aspirin (250- 500 mg), group 3 patients (n = 14) received this dose at admission. TLT with streptokinase or actilise (1500000 IU and 100 mg, respectively) was given to all the patients. Before TLT group 2 received a stress dose of clopidogrel (300 mg), after TLT - 75 mg/day. 12-Lead ECG, CFK activity and troponine content examinations were made. The patients were observed for 30 days. The recovery of coronary circulation (CC) was evaluated by dynamics of a total lowering of the elevated ST segment. Results. CC completely recovered 60 min after TLT in 16, 10 and 7% patients of groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. CC recovered partially in 24, 55 and 7% patients, respectively. In 90 min after TLT partial recovery of CC was observed in 21, 31 and 43%, respectively; in 180 min the effect was absent in 19, 15 and 38%, respectively. 30-Day lethality was 11.1% and was high in group 3. No lethal outcomes were seen in group 2.
Conclusion. It is possible to achieve better myocardial reperfusion after TLT and improve 30-day outcomes in MI patients given combined antithrombocytic therapy.

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Copyright (c) 2020 Shalaev S.V., Vorobyeva N.M., Serescheva A.K., Petrik E.S., Akinina S.A.

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