Prevalence of bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis among adult population of St-Petersburg


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Abstract

Aim. To evaluate prevalence of bronchial asthma (BA) and allergic rhinitis (AR) among adult population of St-Petersburg.
Material and methods. Responders to ECRHS and B. Sibbald & E. Rink questionnaires who gave at
least one positive answer were examined clinically, functionally and allergologically. A total of 3634
responders aged 16 to 98 years participated in the study.
Results. By the answers of the responders prevalence of BA was 7.2%, ofAR- 9.9%. Such figures
were much higher than official statistics. Atopic BA was most frequent among other types - 64%.
Conclusion. It became evident that BA and AR in many cases are diagnosed late or are not recognized
at all. This leads to growing number of patients with moderate and severe course of these diseases and
deteriorates effectiveness of BA and AR treatment.

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Copyright (c) 2003 Fedoseev G.В., Emelyanov A.V., Sergeeva G.R., Ivanova N.I., Zibrina T.M., Maximenko I.N., Tsukanova I.V.

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